There are two different types of the Herpes Simplex virus. Type 1 which is known as oral herpes and type 2 that is called Genital Herpes. While both these conditions are caused by the same virus, the symptoms differ.
The spread of the virus
Many people have contracted at least one form of the virus even though they may not know that they have it. While others are aware of the condition due to the itching and sores that constantly break out around the mouth or genital area.
Pregnancy and Herpes
Women who are pregnant may have many complications if they have the virus and that is why many prenatal care clinics perform an STD screening of the mother which includes a test for the herpes virus.
For any mother who has herpes, the complications that may occur to the newborn child are many. Often a child may be born with a severe rash, and it can be extremely painful to the infant. If not treated immediately the newborn will suffer grueling pain with conditions like scabs forming on the body and eczema as studies are still under way for curing the virus. In severe cases, the condition can even lead to the death of the infant. The reason for this is that the child may develop severe cycles of fever and chills, and the immune system will become weakened. The scabs and rashes on the child skin are itchy and very painful and can cause a fatality if urgent medical attention is not given.
The danger to the infant
The virus can be very harsh on the infant and can cause blindness. This is because the virus causes the eyelids and corneas to swell which end up in a rupture that leads to blindness. More than 75% of infants who have died from the virus suffered complications to their vital organs like the heart and lungs. In some cases brain damage to the infant has also been found.
Will the infant be affected with the virus?
The statistics show that because the mother has the virus does not mean the infant will contract it too. Studies have shown that less than 10% of infants born through vaginal delivery and less than 2% that are born through a caesarian section contract the virus.
Herpes can be a terrible virus when going through pregnancy, therefore, it is wise to protect yourself and stay away from any contact with those affected, especially if you plan on having a baby.