by Stuart Orr (WWF-UK) and Ashok Chapagain (University of Twente)
This short study focuses on one particular aspect of global food trade which is somewhat separated from initial debates about virtual water trade and basic food needs. Here we are focusing on two products, green beans and flowers from Africa. Far from basic necessities, these two products are emblematic of a trade and development debate from southern producers to northern markets. The virtual water discussion given here is to give context to the debate and foundations of this concept.
The short 2 page brief can be downloaded below. A longer academic and fully peer reviewed version is available as part of the Fresh Insights series here 
African Air Freight of Fresh Produce: is ‘virtual' water transport causing drought? (FP5 Virtual Water.pdf)